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Sắc đẹp & Phong cách : Glossary
Freckle(Ephelis)
[2007-09-21 02:38] (1,094)

Outline

 

It is a skin disease characterized by the appearance of small multiple brownish spots on the areas that are exposed to direct sunlight. The color of the spots look light during winter, but it gets darker when it starts to be exposed to sunlight during summer. People with freckles complain about the brown spots because aesthetic reason. In order to solve this problem, skin peeling is performed or the galvanocautery or laser treatment can be executed to remove the freckles. The number of freckles increases as skin is exposed to sunlight, thus try to avoid direct sunlight.

 

Definition

 

It is a skin disease characterized by the appearance of small multiple brownish spots on the areas that are exposed to direct sunlight. The melanin of the outer skin has increased due to the activation of the melanin cells. There is no subjective symptom and it raises beauty concerns.

 

Symptoms

 

Freckles do not appear at birth or during infancy but as a baby grows up. It is formed during childhood. The number of freckles increases as a person ages. The major areas where freckles appear are those that are easily exposed to direct sunlight, such as the face, upper chest and the back of the hands. For the face, freckles are mostly formed around the nose and cheeks. The size is very small are mainly circular, but irregularly shaped freckles occurring as well. The brownish color also varies from light brown to dark brown, depending on the person’s skin tone,In case of light brown colored freckles, they are not obvious. However, they noticeable when summer comes. In general, the color of freckles gets darker as the season changes to summer. In addition, there is a difference about the color of freckles depending on one’s physical condition. It is common to have darker colored freckles on the nose and cheeks and lighter color around these areas.

 

Cause, conditions and physiological

 

The cause has not been clearly explained, but it seems that there is a genetic factor. When being exposed to sunlight, the color of freckles gets darker due to the ultraviolet rays of the sun.

 

Diagnosis

 

Clinically, it is easily diagnosed as small multiple brownish spots on face. To differentiate the disease, it is necessary to see whether the spots are the lentigo simplex type that can be easily seen during infancy characterized by round brown or dark brown spots or the lentigo senilis that is an irregular pigmented birthmark after exposure to sunlight. Various pigmented birthmarks can also be seen that are somewhat similar to freckles.

 

Progress, prognosis

 

Freckles are formed at the early stage of infancy and the number increases as the baby grows up. Then, it reaches its peak around puberty. As a person gets older, the number of freckles decreases. Influenced by seasonal changes, the color of the freckles gets darker in the summer and lighter during winter.

 

Treatment

 

Freckles can be removed through skin peeling. At that time, trichloracetic acid is used. They can be easily removed using the laser treatment and sometimes, the galvanocautery can be adopted.

 

Preventions

 

Being exposed to the ultraviolet rays increases the number of freckles and darkens their color. Thus, it is recommended to avoid direct contact with sunlight. Use sun block cream that helps prevents skin when exposed to the sunlight. 

Sắc đẹp & Phong cáchUng thư và Phòng ngừaLối sống lành mạnhSức khỏe tinh thần và stressGiới tính Nam/NữChủ đề nóng bỏng
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